Francuske balističke rakete kratkog dometa

Francuske balističke rakete kratkog dometa

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Impresioniran dejstvom sovjetskih balističkih raketa kratkog dometa kojem svedočimo poslednjih godina u Ukrajini i Jemenu odlučio sam da napišem neko slovo i o francuskim raketama iste ili slične vrste.Naime,sedamdesetih i osamdesetih godina je svako malo u našem vojnom listu Front objavljivana poneka fotografija francuskih raketa Pluton i/ili američke Honest John a o sovjetskim Točkama i Lunama nešto manje.U stvari,ne mogu da se setim ni jednog teksta ili fotografije npr.Točke iz tog vremena.Kasnije,događaji iz devedesetih(ne samo kod nas već i šire) su doveli sovjetske SRBM(short range balistic missile) u centar medijske pažnje dok su njihove zapadne sestre potisnute u zaborav javnosti pa i ovog foruma.Stoga,da se stariji malo podsete a mlađi upoznaju, počinjem sa Plutonom a kasnije nastavljam sa sjajnim i tajanstvenim HADES-om.
-Svaka pomoć je dobrodošla i priželjkivana jer sam se naprečac odlučio da pokrenem ovu temu pa mi pripreme nisu baš najtemeljnije a nadam se i da mi nećete zameriti što ću koristiti tekstove sa "missilethreat" u originalu,na engleskom.Ako bude potrebno,kasnije ću ih prevesti.
Dakle . . . PLUTON !

Originated From:France
Possessed By:France
Alternate Name:P-2
Class:Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
Basing:Road-mobile
Length:7.64 m
Diameter:0.65 m
Launch Weight:2,423 kg
Payload:Single warhead
Warhead:500 kg HE or Nuclear 15, 25 kt
Propulsion:Single-stage solid propellant
Range:120 km
Status:Obsolete
In Service:1974-1993
The Pluton was a short-range, road-mobile, solid propellant tactical ballistic missile. The missile proved to be a reliable and readily deployable platform for short-range deterrence. It was launched from transporter-erector-launcher (TEL) vehicles based on a modified AMX-30 tank chassis. The missile’s relatively low weight allowed the mobile launch vehicle to easily maneuver in adverse road conditions. A CT-20 drone passed real-time targeting information to the Pluton command vehicle and allowed for updated targeting data. 1 It could be moved and fired easily, making it a capable battlefield system. However, the 120 km (75 mile) range put most major Soviet targets well out of range and limited even the tactical application of the missile system. While the warhead remained a viable system, the missile was ultimately replaced by systems which allowed for greater range and payload.

The Pluton had a range of 120 km (75 miles) and used an inertial guidance system that had an accuracy of 150 m CEP. It carried a single warhead that could be equipped with either a 15 or 25 kT nuclear yield or a high-explosive warhead. It had a launch weight of 2,423 kg and was 7.64 m long with a width of 0.65 m. It used a single-stage solid propellant engine.

The development of the Pluton system started in the early 1960s and became operational in 1974. An improved version of the Pluton, called the Super Pluton, was dropped in 1983 in favor of the Hadès design, which ultimately replaced the Pluton. The Pluton system was gradually phased out of service and was completely retired by 1993. 2


Pluton carried by its TEL vehicle.
Jane’s Strategic Weapon Systems
Evo i bespilotne koja je trebala da izviđa za potrebe Plutona.CT-20


Poletala je sa rampe uz pomoć dva raketna bustera a let nastavljala sa Turbomeca Marbore turbomlaznim motorom potiska 3,92 kN do maksimalne brzine 900km/h,istrajnost leta 50 min(naravno ne maksimalnom brzinom), plafon leta 12.000m,vreme dostizanja visine 10.000m iznosi 6 min.



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Evo par kolora samog sistema i crtež rakete:







Plutoni su bili razmešteni u 5 pukova sa ukupnim brojem od 30 lansera

3. Artiljerijski puk - Maili
4. Artiljerijski Puk - Lon
15. Artiljerijski Puk - Suip
32. Artiljerijski puk - Oberhofen
74. Artiljerijski Puk - Belfor



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Pluton - French mobile tactial nuclear missile

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  • Pridružio: 19 Jan 2012
  • Poruke: 1994

Napisano: 12 Feb 2016 20:24

Obratimo pažnju na relativno malu težinu rakete,ispod 2,5 tone a nosi bojevu glavu od čak 500kg !!!
Zatim odlična preciznost za ono vreme,CEP 150 m . Jedino što mi nikad nije bio jasno odakle ovaj čudni polu-kontejner ???
Baterija Plutona



Dopuna: 13 Feb 2016 17:06

Pluton je bio postavljen na modifikovanu šasiju tenka AMX-30,pogonjenu dizel motorom Hispano-Suiza HS-110 snage 720 ks.što mu je omogućavalo brzinu na putu od 60 km/h.Mogao je prevaliti 600 km bez dopune gorivom.Relativno laka raketa je omogućavala dobru prohodnost van puteva.Vozilo za dopunu je bilo običan kamion a na TEL-u je postojala dizalica kojom se vršilo podizanje rakete i punjenje lansera.Nuklearna bojeva glava je bila opremljena padobranom i detonirala je na 150 m visine radi većeg efekta.Postavljana je na raketu neposredno pred lansiranje a transportovana je u zapečaćenom kontejneru.Vreme pripreme Plutona za lansiranje je prilično kratko i iznosi 10-15 min. nakon zaustavljanja.
Još malo Plutona.




[url=http://www.mycity-military.com/slika.php?slika=168304_727689767_pluton_s1.jpg]
[/url]







Dopuna: 13 Feb 2016 17:11

Lansiranje






Dopuna: 13 Feb 2016 17:13

Postojali su planovi za razvoj usavršene verzije zvane Super Pluton ali se 1983-e odustalo u korist novog projektila HADES-a !!

Dopuna: 13 Feb 2016 17:32

Projekat HADES je započet sa zahtevanim dometom od 250 km ali je ubrzo dostignuto celih 480km.Priveden kraju na samom zalasku Hladnog rata nikada zvanično nije postao operativan ali dostignute karakteristike su i danas impresivne.Naročito kada uzmemo u obzir male dimenzije samog projektila i CEP od samo 5m,za varijantu vođenja inercijalno+GPS.
Sa sajta military-today

Data is for an R380 truck with a Hades trailer
Entered service ?
Crew 3 men
Launcher dimensions and weight
Number of missiles 2
Combat weight ~ 15 t
Length ~ 25 m
Width 2.5 m
Height ~ 4 m
Missile
Missile length 7.5 m
Missile diameter 0.53 m
Missile launch weight 1 850 kg
Warhead weight ?
Warhead type Nuclear, 80 kT
Range of fire 480 km
CEP 100 m
Mobility
Engine Renault diesel
Engine power 517 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 90 km/h
Range ~ 1 000 km


The Hades was the second French short-range ballistic missile system, following the Pluton. As luck would have it, this was also the last French missile of this type ever to be produced.
The requirement for what became the Hades began in 1975, when the French Army established a requirement for a successor to the Pluton. The French civilian government's interest was not as keen however, and development was not actually initiated until July of 1984. It was initially planned that 120 missiles would be produced, with a neutron bomb warhead and a range of 250 km. However, this was soon revised to a more conventional nuclear warhead and an increased range of 480 km.
The first launch of the Hades took place in 1988, but even by then the program was still in trouble. It was soon after decided that only 15 launch vehicles and 30 missiles would be procured, and in September of 1991, President Francois Mitterrand announced that all of these would be placed in storage without ever becoming operational. Ultimately, the Hades never did enter service.
Unlike the preceding Pluton, the Hades is launched from a container-launcher mounted on a wheeled trailer, which is towed by a Renault R380 6x4 truck. The Hades is thus road-mobile, but lacks the cross-country capability of the Pluton. When the launcher is in its lowered position and covered with a tarp, it is extremely difficult to distinguish from a cargo trailer, allowing Hades trailers to be transported almost incognito, to avoid drawing unwanted attention. Each trailer held two launcher-containers.
Though originally planned to have a neutron bomb warhead, the nuclear payload for the Hades was instead the more conventional TN 90 thermonuclear warhead, with a variable yield up to 80 kT. A conventional HE warhead was also planned, but probably wasn't procured, owing to the very small number of Hades missiles that ended up being manufactured. The mass of both the conventional and nuclear warheads have never been published, but they are presumably almost the same.
Guidance for the Hades was a simple internal navigation system. While not particularly accurate by the standards of the day, this system did have the advantages of being invulnerable to jamming, and not emitting any signals that would give away the launch or the missile's position in flight. Accuracy was estimated at a CEP of 100 m, though exactly where this 100 m circle was in relation to the actual aimpoint of the missile was never clarified. A GPS-assisted guidance system was also proposed for the conventionally-armed version, with a claimed CEP of only 5 m, but this new guidance system was never adopted.
Propulsion of the Hades was a simple solid propellant rocket motor. Not only did this simplify logistics, but the solid fuel motor was also much more rugged and tolerant of rough handling than most equivalent liquid fuel motors.
To launch the missile, the trailer had to be parked and braced against the ground with jacks, and the launcher elevated to 90 degrees and locked into place. Because the launcher-container elevator was hinged at the rear end of the trailer, the trailer was relatively long, and the missile's back-blast during launch was mostly concentrated at either end of the launcher-container, no special measures were needed to protect the cab from the back-blast (in other words, a standard truck was acceptable for launch operations, and did not have to unhitch the trailer). It was also possible to elevate the launcher into position and launch the missiles even when the trailer was disconnected, as the control cab was mounted on the front end of the trailer.
On February 23rd 1996, President Jacques Chirac announced a radical restructuring of the French nuclear forces, and part of this agenda was the termination of the remaining Hades inventory. By June 23rd 1997, the last operable Hades missile was destroyed. By 1999, the rest of the facilities associated with the Hades were dismantled as well, the total cost of which (including the inactivation of the missile systems) was € 76 million.
No attempt has been made to resurrect the program, and given that weapon programs inactive for so long are almost impossible to revive, the Hades system for all intents and purposes no longer exists. The only examples that remain are inactivated missiles and launchers, used for display purposes.
There are no known variants of the Hades.



























Dopuna: 13 Feb 2016 17:49

HADES je imao mogućnost izvođenja manevra u završnoj fazi leta te je zbog toga i malih dimenzija predstavljao težak cilj za sve protivraketne sisteme.U vreme završetka razvoja verovatno i neuhvatljiv a možda i danas.Takođe,osim gore pomenutog CEP-a od samo 5m(u varijanti vođenja inercijalno+GPS) na sajtu "missilethreat" se spominje i da je putanja HADES-a namerno održavana niskom radi mogućnosti boljeg upravljanja i lakšeg izvođenja manevra izbegavanja.O toj niskoj putanji i njenoj prednosti je govorio i naš član Raketaš na temi o Orkanu.Na gore pomenutom sajtu se takođe govori da je HADES ipak bio u službi u periodu 91-96-a pa i to,uz relativno mali broj sačuvanih snimaka ,doprinosi tajnovitosti oko njega.Jer,ako je CEP zaista bio samo 5m,putanja namerno snižena i ako je zaista mogao da vrši manevar izbegavanja te u završnom delu putanje imao mogućnost navođenja na cilj pomoću upoređivanja digitalne TV slike cilja . . . onda je HADES bio krupan tehnološki skok i verovatno najnapredniji balistički projektil te vrste u svetu.Nije mi poznato da li je neko do dana današnjeg dostigao takav domet i preciznost sa tako malim projektilom !!!
Dakle,HADES po "missilethreat"
Originated From:France
Possessed By:France
Class:Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
Basing:Road mobile
Length:7.5 m
Diameter:.53 m
Launch Weight:1850 kg
Payload:Single warhead
Warhead:HE or nuclear 80 kT
Propulsion:Single-stage solid propellant
Range:480 km
Status:Terminated
In Service:1991-1996
The Hadès was a short-range, road mobile, solid-propellant ballistic missile. Before terminated, it was an attempt to use a tactical missile as a strategic asset in the early years of France’s nuclear program. Originally designed for a range of 250 km (155 miles), the missile’s range was later increased to 480 km (298 miles). 1 The missile’s great advantage was its rugged single-stage solid-propellant engine, making it readily deployable along the French borders to repel a possible Soviet attack.

Under Charles de Gaulle, France pursued an alternate nuclear program to NATO, the goal of which was to function autonomously and provide France with the ability to escalate conflicts quickly. The threat of nuclear escalation on a tactical level was part of the French land-based deterrent, of which the Hadès, as both a tactical and strategic system, was an important component. The project dates back to 1975, when it was designated as a replacement for the tactical road-mobile Pluton system. Development began in 1984, followed by flight testing in 1988. 2

The missiles were deployed on transporter-erector-launcher (TEL) vehicles, each carrying two missiles. Relatively small and light, the TELs could move easily along unimproved roads, thus making the Hadès an easily deployable weapon. The missiles themselves were only 7.5 m in length, 0.53 in diameter, and 1,850 kg in weight. Despite its small size, the Hadès carried a potent 80 kT yield nuclear or a powerful HE warhead. 3 Powered by a single-stage solid-propellant engine, the Hadès could reach a range of 480 km (298 miles), which meant that the missile could be used against strategic military targets, although it was insufficient to threaten Soviet cities and missile silos.

The Hadès used an inertial guidance system capable of making evasive maneuvers as it approached its target. Although the accuracy of the system remains unknown, reports indicate that a variant was being developed to destroy buried hard targets, using a Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) system and digital terminal guidance resulting in an accuracy of less than 5 m CEP. The Hadès trajectory was intentionally kept low, so that the aerodynamic control fins at the rear of the missile could alter the trajectory and range during flight and make evasive maneuvers during the terminal phase. 4

In 1991, the Ministry of Defense decided against deploying the Hadès system operationally and limited production to 30 missiles and 15 TEL vehicles. The missiles were originally put into storage so that they could be reactivated given a military conflict in Europe. 5 In 1996, it was announced that the missiles were to be dismantled following France’s new policy of a sea-based nuclear deterrent. 6 In June 1997, the last of the Hadès missiles was destroyed. 7



Dopuna: 13 Feb 2016 17:52

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  • voja64  Male
  • Stručni saradnik foruma
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Mali dodatak na odličan prilog o Plutonu saslikom gde se lepo vidi trenutak montiranja bojeve glave na resto u kontejneru pa još i po kiši...

Osim ove prikazano je još nekoliko ranije viđenih slika i propratni tekst ovde.
https://vk.com/arsenalkapterka?w=wall-110096341_72759
Ima i ova za resto u kontejneru ali iz komentara teksta..

A ovaj se pemzionisao u muzeju VALDA..

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