Low cost solucije u sistemu Odbrane i benefitiranje tehnološkim razvojem u oružanim snagama

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Low cost solucije u sistemu Odbrane i benefitiranje tehnološkim razvojem u oružanim snagama

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Gabbiano TS Ultra Light Multi Mode Radar



Novi Gabbiano TS Ultra-Light (UL) osmatrački radar proizvod Leonarda. Radi se o veoma dostupnom proizvodu težine manje od 24kg. U radar se upakovane sve tehnologije i modovi uspješne lepeze Gabiano radara.
Radi se o najlakšem ikada proizvedenom osmatračkom radaru sa multi-mode, multi-mission karakteristikama i mehaničkim skeniranjem.
Kompaktnost i mala masa radara (comprising just two units; a 12-inch nose antenna and separate Receiver Transmitter Processor (RTP) pogodni su za njegovu integraciju u bespiltne letjelice manjih gabarita, te lake helikoptere i avione.

"The Gabbiano TS UL can also work with an Automated Identification System (AIS) and can cue electro-optic sensors, making it an effective and competitive solution for maritime patrol missions even from small or mid-size vessels.

The Gabbiano family has already been selected by 12 international customers and equips aircraft ranging from unmanned vehicles such as the Hermes 450™, Hermes 900™ and Leonardo Falco EVO to helicopters including the AW139 and AW101 and fixed-wing vehicles such as the KC-390, Beechcraft B350 and ATR42MP."

Source
https://www.helis.com/database/news/gabbiano_ts/


"State-of-the-art, Compact, X-band radar for all-weather sea, ground and air surveillance. Gabbiano TS Ultra-Light surveillance radar provides long and short range surveillance capabilities for both civilian and military forces."
Source
https://www.leonardocompany.com/en/products/gabbiano-ts-ultra-light


"The news follows Leonardo and Diamond Aircraft’s announcement this June that they are teaming up to offer the DA62 MSA, a version of Diamond’s twin-engine DA62 aircraft specially tailored for maritime and over-land surveillance missions, with Leonardo’s ATOS mission system at its heart. At launch, the platform was equipped with Gabbiano Ultra-Light TS-20 radar, now in this latest development the two companies have agreed to also integrate the Leonardo Gabbiano Ultra-Light TS-80 radar as an ‘off-the-shelf’ fit, providing even longer ranges for the extensive suite of Gabbiano-family radar modes and giving potential customers a wider range of options to choose from.

The DA62 MSA is the latest variant of Diamond Aircraft’s successful Special Mission Aircraft portfolio. The all-carbon-fibre, twin-engine aircraft is equipped with a state-of-the-art glass cockpit and a fully integrated autopilot. It is powered by two turbo charged jet-fuel engines which enable the aircraft to stay airborne for up to eight hours due to their superb fuel efficiency. The carbon fibre material provides for unlimited airframe life and is not subject to corrosion, even when operated in saline and humid environments. Together, fuel efficiency and the unlimited airframe life combine for extremely low direct operating costs, making the DA62 MSA the most cost-efficient Special Mission Aircraft in its class."

Source
https://www.edrmagazine.eu/leonardo-and-diamond-ai.....s-80-radar

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Pasivni radarski sistem njemačke kompanije Henšoldt – TwInvis skraćeno od twin + invisible. Nastao je na iskustvima srpske PVO i njenog čuvenog obaranja američkog steltnog borbenog aviona F 117A. Radar niti emituje signal niti zahtijeva emitovanje signala od cilja. Radar je moguće integrisati u tipična terenska ili kombi vozila i ne emituje signale radi praćenja vazdušnog saobraćaja već jednostavno pasivno analizira ehoe signala radio i TV stanica.

"Our newly developed, highly sensitive digital receivers now make it possible for a single TwInvis system to monitor up to 200 aircraft in 3D within a radius of 250 kilometres. This was unthinkable even just a few years ago," said Hensoldt CEO Thomas Müller. "This will open up completely new options for application in such fields as air defence, the protection of large events or air traffic control."

Radeći uglavnom na principu resivera, pasivni radaraski sistem otkriva avione analizirajući signale koji se reflektuju sa postojećih emisija trećih strana. Henšoltov system nudi veoma preciznu sliku VaPa kojeg pokriva koja se dobija istovremenom analizom velikog broja frekvencijskih opsega.



„For example, up to 16 FM transmitters (analogue radio) plus 5 frequencies used by several DAB and DAB+ transmitters (digital radio) as well as DVB-T and DVB-T2 (digital, terrestrial television) can be simultaneously analysed for the first time. Furthermore, Hensoldt's new generation of software will provide unprecedented performance in terms of range and precision of detection. “

Sistem je u ponudi za vojne namjene, civilnu kontrolu avio – saobraćaja i druge strukture. Dva demonstratora su već isporučeni potencijalnim kupcima u Evropi.

“In civil applications, passive radar systems make cost-effective air traffic control possible without any additional emissions and without using transmission frequencies, which are in short supply. In military applications, the system enables wide-area surveillance using networked receivers, while offering the advantage that passive radar systems cannot be located by the enemy and are very hard to jam.

Moreover, no agreement is required with any other public authority, as there is no radiation, which allows the system to be quickly ready for deployment in new locations and to also be used in urban areas. This results in another advantage of the new technology: the system can be used in places where coverage was previously inadequate, in particular for example, in mountainous regions.”

Sistem krase mala nabavna cijena i jeftino održavanje (nema okrećućih dijelova, transmitter nije potreban, COTS kompjuteri). Sistem je male mase, lako je prenosiv I lako se raspoređuje. Troši malu količinu energije (5kW). Domet FM do 250km, preciznost 300 – 500 metara. Pokrivenost 360 stepeni po azimutu, 3D praćenje.



source
https://www.hensoldt.net/products/radar-iff-and-datalink/twinvis-passive-radar/
Silent surveillance of silent objects

https://www.intelligent-aerospace.com/military/art.....35-tracked
Stealthy no more? A German radar vendor says it tracked the F-35 jet in 2018 — from a pony farm
"In the illustrious history of the F-35 fighter jet, add a pony farm outside Berlin as the place where one company claims the plane’s stealth cover was blown. The story that follows is a snapshot in the cat-and-mouse game between combat aircraft — designed to be undetectable by radar — and sensor makers seeking to undo that advantage."

https://www.bdli.de/en/innovation_of_the_week/brea.....e-airspace
BREAKTHROUGH: INVISIBLE SURVEILLANCE OF AIRSPACE

https://www.securityinformed.com/news/hensoldt-pas.....31760.html
HENSOLDT Passive Radar, TwInvis Sensor Solution Tested In NATO’s Measurement Campaign
"In military applications, the system enables covert surveillance of large areas using networked receivers and offers the advantage that the "passive radar" cannot be located by the enemy and is very difficult to be jammed."

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80K6M


© 2015 www.ukroboronprom.com.ua

Mobilni S band 3D radarski sistem za osmatranje VaPa 80K6M za male, srednje i velike visine ukrajinske kompanije Iskra iz Zaporožja nastao je na dobrim iskustvima stečenim na radaru ST 68U.

"It uses a phase-modulated intrapulse modulation for good range resolution at relatively low pulse power. The complete radar and a container with operator workplaces are mounted on an 8x8 off-road truck. It is extremely fast deployable and does not require any technical preparation for installation on a new site."

Po performansama 80K6M ekvivalentan je američkim i evropskim vedetama poput AN/TPS 78 i GM 400. Ipak 80K6M je
u odnosu na ove radare daleko superiorniji u domenu mobilnosti, a osim toga u ponudi je po znatno manjoj cijeni. Instrumentalni domet iznosi 400km, preciznost 100 m; 0.33 stepeni, rotacija antene 5 or 10 r.p.m.



https://deftech-ltd.com/products/ground-radars/400.....80k6m.html
3D AIR SURVEILLANCE RADAR 80K6M

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Zaslon L, low - cost i praktični sistem aktivne zaštite. Zaustavlja raketiziranu protivtenkovsku municiju brzine do 1200m/s. Sistem čine radarska jedinica, upravljačka jedinica i mjerna jedinica. Sistem obezbjeđuje zaštitu u prečniku od 360 stepeni sa uobičajenih 6 modula. Uništava projektila sa čela i sa svih strana. Vrijeme reakcije 0.1 sekunda.


Sistem je pod hitno naručen od Turske zbog velikih gubitaka tenkova prilikom intervencije u Siriji. Osim toga, Roketsan je potpisao ugovor sa Ukrajincima o zajedničkom razvoju ERA oklopa.


"To meet a Turkish Land Forces Command (TLFC) urgent operational requirement, Aselsan has developed the Pulat hard-kill active protection system (APS) that leverages technology from the Zaslon - Light (Zaslon-L) APS developed in Ukraine."

https://www.janes.com/article/88384/idef-2019-pula.....attle-tank
IDEF 2019: Pulat APS displayed on M60 main battle tank

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Modern Medium Weight Tank

Proizvod Turske i Indonezije + kupola i top belgijskog CMI/Kokerila sa topom 105mm (High Pressure) za široku lepezu projektila, evakuatorom gasova, gasnom kočnicom, mjernim sistemom na ustima cijevi i termalnom oblogom. Kupola je opremljena auto - punjačem koji se rotira elektro i mehanički.

The turret is equipped with an autoloader and can be rotated 360 degrees both electronically and mechanically, with a maximum elevation/depression of 42 up to -6 degrees, and it's equipped with Gyro Stabilizer and Firing Control System. It's also equipped with an IFF system, Hunter Killer System for target selection, and Auto Target Locking System to assist the Gunner.

The Gun has been test fired with TPCSDS-T, HEP-T, HE4 TP2 shells, and can also fire NATO standard 105mm Shells such as:
M1060CV | Velocity 1620 m/s with RHA Penetration 560mm from 2000m at 60 degrees
M1061 HEAT (High Explosive Anti Tank) | Velocity 1173 m/s RHA Penetration >400mm from 1500m at 60 degrees
M393 A3 HESH (High Explosive Squash Head) | Velocity 732 m/s
M416 Smoke | Velocity 731 m/s
M1204 Canister | Velocity 1173 m/s
source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Medium_Weight_Tank

Modularni oklop štiti od pancirne municije 14,5mm ispaljene sa više od 200 metara. Dno je V oblika i izdržava eksploziju 10kg mine ispod gusjenica ili ispod tijela tenka. Zahvaljujući modularnosti nivo oklopne zaštite moguće je podići na 25mm pancirne municije ispaljene sa 500 metara bez povećanja volumena tenka uz zaštitu čeonog dijela dignutu na otpornost prema municiji 30mm.

Tenk pokreće Katerpilarov C13 dizel motor od 711 konjskih snaga + Alisonova automatska transmisija. Na testiranju tenk je dostizao brzinu od 78km/h uz forsiranje rova širine 2 metra i vertikalne prepreke od 0,9m.
KAPLAN MT owes its advanced mobility capability to its 6 wheeled anti-shock suspension system, built on torsion bars with double pinned tracks twhich provides optimum performance on both urban infrastructure and cross country. The vehicle is fully operable in a broad range of altitude and humidity, and tempratures. (-18°C/+55°C)
(Source: FNSS; issued May10, 2017)


Za povećavanje žilavosti predviđena je i ugradnja PULAT Active Protection sistema. Tenk opsulužuju 3 člana posade, masa iznosi 32 - 35 tona, radijus 450km. Visina tenka iznsi 2,45m, širina 3,36m.

“This medium weight tank is a very effective solution to today’s asymmetric warfare conditions exposed which many armies are exposed to,” he said, adding that the “conditions require easy and fast deployment, high mobility, low visibility, high firepower, and yet low cost”.

FNSS CEO Nail Kurt
(Source: Anadolu agency; posted May 10, 2017)

Author PT Pindad of the Government of Indonesia

source
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Medium_Weight_Tank

http://www.defense-aerospace.com/articles-view/rel.....anbul.html
(Source: Anadolu agency; posted May 10, 2017)
Kaplan Medium Weight Tank Jointly Developed By Turkish, Indonesian Companies

https://defence-blog.com/army/fnss-shows-kaplan-mt.....-tank.html
FNSS shows Kaplan MT Modern Medium Weight Tank

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source Yugoimport SDPR J.P https://www.yugoimport.com/en/proizvodi/kosava-whi.....rial-bombs

Jedinstveni na kamionu montirani lanser raketiziranih avio - bombi sa dometom od 12 - 50km. Sredstvo krase jednostavan i pouzdan dizajn, mala cijena razvoja i proizvodnje, modularnost, borbena žilavost, visoka, brza i iznenadna vatrena moć, mogućnost dejstva po širokoj lepezi ciljeva, optimizacija vrste i veličine bojevih glava ratnom scenariju.



https://www.yugoimport.com/en/proizvodi/kosava-whi.....rial-bombs
KOSAVA (Whirlwind) TRUCK MOUNTED LAUNCHER OF ROCKET - ASSISTED AERIAL BOMBS

U opticaju su bombe FAB 100, 250 i 500 na kamionima TAM 150 i FAP 2026. U cilju lakše upotrebe Košava 1 se lansira iz kontejnera. U cilju povećanja preciznosti opremljena je sa inercijalnim vođenjem i TV/IC glavom za navođenje.

"After launching wings spread and missiles fly to attitude with rocket engine. After it has reached minimum range and appropriate attitude depending on target range continues flight towards target using lift generated by wings. As it approaches towards target area in its later phase of flight is guided weapon via data-link using TV/IR head for terminal guidance. Using data-link operator can choose and lock on any designated target via TGM and point missile in wished direction. Target can be a fortification, command post or command vehicle, tank, ship, section of bridge or something else that 100kg warhead can damage or destroy. It is on weapons officer to decide target based on orders, battlefield condition, possibilities of system he uses, importance and value of target."
source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ko%C5%A1ava_1

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УАЗ Скорпион с ПТРК Spike-LR на параде в Азербайджане 2011г.

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AK 203, proizvod rusko indijskog džoint venčura / Indo – ruske kompanije za proizvodnju pušaka. Sve je nastalo na osnovu potrebe za zamijenom INSAS puške indijske proizvodnje koja je tokom upotrebe pokazala manjkavosti. U obzir je uzet veliki broj bjelosvetskih rešenja no kada su se ispostavili zahtijevi za pouzdanošću, robustnošću, očekivanoj grubosti prilikom upotrebe puška iz porodice AK se pokazala nepobjedivom. Po relativno pristupačnoj cijeni i uz licencnu proizvodnju na tlu Indije za njihove oružane snage biće obezbijeđeno oružje sa relativno malim brojem dijelova, otporno na vremenske uslove, prljavštinu, pogodno za rasklapanje i sklapanje te izdržljivo na kontinuirano gađanje uz dugu rafalnu vatru. Iskustvo indijskih oružanih snaga pokazalo je da je AK i dalje nezamjenjiv u asimetričnim sukobima, borbama u urbanim uslovima te u procesu opremanja oružanih snaga velike brojnosti. Smatra se da će oko 80.000 AP AK 203 biti uvezeno direktno iz Rusije, a 670.000 komada biće proizvedeno na tlu Indije po cijeni od oko 1.000 dolara po komatu.

AK 203 teži 4,1kg ima domet od 800 metara i hrani se iz okvira kapaciteta 30 metaka + kompatibilna je sa dobošima od RPK. Koristi metak 7,62x39mm. Puška je prilagođena instalaciji modernih sistema za nišanjenje i drugog asesoara. Rusi su težinu puške sveli na savremenu mjeru, dovoljno je kratka i zadovoljava ergonomiju moderne puške. AK 203 uključuje polimerski rukohvat, pikantini šinu, pomjerljivi kundak i novi skrivač plamena/kompenzator. Kundak je dovoljno snažan da izdrži rutinsku upotrebu potcijevnog bacača te borbu prsa u prsa. Osim mogućnosti montiranja bajoneta sve verzije AK 203 osposobljene su i za montažu prigušivača pucnja za supersoničnu municiju. Redizajniran je i selektor vatre koga je moguće štelovati kažiprstom. Redizajniran je postupak otvaranja/zatvaranja poklopca sanduka. Pikantini šina tokom upotrebe ne gubi nivelisanost.

“The capacity of the plant is sufficient to arm the personnel of all security agencies in India. Should it become necessary, the parties will be able to ratchet up the production output and upgrade the facility to manufacture future models based on Kalashnikov's unique design.”
Rosobornexport CEO Alexander Mikheev



AK 200
the 5.45×39mm-chambered AK-200 assault rifle and AK-205 carbine;
the 5.56×45mm NATO-chambered AK-201 assault rifle and AK-202 carbine; and
the 7.62×39mm-chambered AK-203 assault rifle and AK-204 carbine.
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AK-100_(rifle_family)

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/why-ak-203-.....arth-72006
Why the AK-203 Might Be the Deadliest Assault Rifle on Planet Earth

https://www.militarytimes.com/off-duty/gearscout/i.....-military/
India and Russia will jointly produce the AK-203 rifle for the Indian military

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PkCcc1Ah86Y
Kalashnikov AK 203 potential new assault rifle of Indian Army

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БОМАН Боевая машина авиационного наводчика
source https://topwar.ru/31637-na-pomosch-letchikam-boevy.....hikov.html

Zanimljivo radioničko rešenje iz ere sovjetskog angažovanja u Avganistanu, druga polovina osamdesetih. Prepakovani BTR 80 doopremljen jednostavnim postoljem za smještaj i navođenje sa montiranom laserskom stanicom Klen PS skinutu sa rashodovanog jurišnika Su 25. Radi navođenja laserskog luka iskorišten je optički nišan pozajmljen sa teškog mitraljeza NSV Utes. U unutrašnjosti bivšeg oklopnog transportera opremljeno je radno mjesto operatera navođenja osnaženo dodatnim radio stanicama za vezu sa jurišnim avionima. Novi sistemi priključeni su na postojeću mrežu električnog sistema BTR 80.
BOMAN je veoma olakšavao pilotima jurišnih aviona Su 25 dejstvo laserski vođenim raketama H 25 i H 29L naročito u uslovima napadnih dejstava u brdsko planinskim oblastima. Osim toga značajno je povećana preciznost upotrebe laserski vođenih raketa maksimalno iskorištavajući snagu bojeve glave uz dejstvo sa što većim rastojanjem od cilja.

"Пока штурмовик Су-25, вооруженный ракетами Х-25 или Х-29Л, идет к цели, БОМАН выходит на позицию с прямой видимостью цели. Далее оператор-наводчик ищет цель и наводит на нее станцию «Клен-ПС». Когда штурмовик приблизился к атакуемому объекту на достаточное расстояние и готов атаковать, он сообщает об этом оператору машины БОМАН. Тот включает лазер и удерживает луч на цели. Летчику остается ждать, когда ракета захватит подсвеченную цель и произвести пуск. В идеальных условиях при таком способе атаки самолет или машина наводчика могли находиться на большом расстоянии от цели, не подвергая себя риску быть атакованными в ответ. Однако, как утверждают некоторые источники, в реальной боевой обстановке машины БОМАН нередко подходили к цели на минимально возможное расстояние, благодаря чему отраженный свет лазера был сильнее и ракета увереннее захватывала цель. Кроме того, поражению вражеского объекта способствовал тот факт, что во время целеуказания машина наводчика твердо стояла на позиции. Благодаря этому удержание лазерной метки на одном месте не составляло большого труда."

Efekat sadejstva BOMANa i Su 25 pokazao se izvanrednim. Garantovano su uništavani ciljevi uz udar rakete direktno po cilju. Sve je rezultiralo modifikacijom još nekoliko oklopnjaka, cifra ide do 7 vozila. Iako su "mudžahedini" pokrenuli "lov" na BOMANe sredstva su se pokazala previše tvrdim i nijedno vozilo nije izgubljeno niti ozbiljno oštećeno.

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Kineski PVO FL1000




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