Low cost solucije u sistemu Odbrane i benefitiranje tehnološkim razvojem u oružanim snagama

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Low cost solucije u sistemu Odbrane i benefitiranje tehnološkim razvojem u oružanim snagama

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Mogu li se negde naći podaci (TT) za onaj Kubanski patrolni brod (Ex ribarski)?
Dužina, gaz, doplov, broj članova posade....

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Napisano: 18 Okt 2014 22:18

CHARLIE JA. ::Mogu li se negde naći podaci (TT) za onaj Kubanski patrolni brod (Ex ribarski)?
Dužina, gaz, doplov, broj članova posade....


http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/cuba/rio-damuji.htm

Pelagic and ground fishing/Offshore Patrol Vessel

Dopuna: 18 Okt 2014 23:17


Neka kineska APFSDS municija 125mm (braon), 100mm (plava), 105mm (žuta)

Pakistani/Chinese AP-100-2 100mm APFSDS 350mm at 2km (1986)
Chinese AP-1 100mm APFSDS 240mm at 2km (1980)
Chinese AP-2 100mm APFSDS 290mm at 2km (early 1980s)
Romanian BM-412M (M309) 100mm APFSDS 418mm at 2km (1990s)
Mecar M-1000 100mm APFSDS 350mm at 2km (1996)

Noviji tipovi municije 100mm.

Dopuna: 20 Okt 2014 1:25

Sirijska modernizacija taktičkih balističkih raketnih sistema SCUD - D



Sirija je skorijih godina lansirala unaprijeđenu verziju taktičkih balističkih SCUD-D raketa, dizajniranih radi produženja dometa rakete uz otežavanje mogućnosti presretanja, uvođenjem separatne bojeve glave. Raketa može nositi tovar od oko 700 kg, sačinjen od visokoeksplozivnog, biološkog ili hemijskog bojevog tereta. Separacija sekcije bojeve glave čini je komplikovanijom za hit-to-kill oružja, koja traže vrh oblika raketa, pošto raketa - presretač mora biti opremljena za izvođenje kompleksnijih proračuna uz senzitivitet prema samom ponašanju mete, radi pozitivne identifikacije bojeve glave i ignorisanja iscrpljenih rezervoara raketnog goriva te iscrpljenog motora, koji su znantno veća i svjetlija meta.

Skoriji testovi presretanja izvedeni sa Improved Arrow-2 demonstrirali su sposobnost izraelskog presretača da identifikuje, prati i "ubije" separatnu bojevu glavu. Slično testiranje podbacilo je 2004, sa ranijom verzijom Arrow.
"The Israelis have designed an enhanced target vehicle, known as 'Blue Sparrow', tosimulate the trajectory, maneuverability and seperability of missiles such as the Syrian SCUD-D and Iranian Shahab 3. This target missile was used in the recent, successful intercept performed by the Arrow-2 ASIP system."

Izvještaji o sirijskom progresu u razvoju unaprijeđenje verzije taktičkih balističkih SCUD raketa pojavili su se 2001, kada je Sirija primila prvu isporuku Skadova iz Sjeverne Koreje; ovi projektili dizajnirani su radi uvećanja dometa rakete na oko 600km. Prvi dokaz o sirijskom programu unapređenja rakete pojavio se 2005, pošto je jedna sirijska raketa skrenula sa kursa i pala u susjednu Tursku. Inspekcija preostalih djelova otkrila je komponente kojih nije bilo na originalnim sjevernokorejskim modelima. Neke komponente proizvedene u Kini korištene su na modelima sirijskih raketa radi unapređivanja sistema vođenja. Domet rakete dodatno je povećan na 700 km. Bojeva glava takođe je modifikovana da odgovara hemijskoj bojevoj glavi sa sirijskog projekta Skad C raketa isporučenih od strane Sjeverne Koreje. Skoriji izvještaji iz izraelskih izvora upozoravaju da je Sirija otpočela serijsku proizvodnju i modifikovanje SKAD C raketa u SKAD D verzije, po stopi od 50 raketa za godinu.

"Zvanična" SCUD-D razvijena je u Rusiji, ali je projekat vjerovatno napušten u korist modernije i sposobnije rakete na čvrsto gorivo SS-21 Scarab i njenog kasnijeg derivata - Iskander-M i E (eksportna verzija).
This original, single-stage, liquid fuel powered SCUD-D is believed to have a launch weight of 6,500 kg, its length was 12.29 m and diameter is 0.88 m. The missile could be designed to carry different payload and fuel combinations, providing for different range/payload performance. According to Jane's missile systems, the SCUD D was originally developed with a separating warhead that represents missile interceptors with more illusive target. Jane's assumes the separating warhead measures about 25% of the missile length, with a slightly smaller diameter (65 cm). It reports the warhead is equipped with a tip-mounted TV sensor, scene matching computing algorithms and flight control surfaces, derived from the SS-21, enabling the warhead to perform terminal course corrections, providing for final attack accuracy around 50 meter circular error point (CEP). However, despite the similarities between the two configurations it is assumed that the North Korean/Syrian SCUD-D is different from the Russian design with the same designation.







Ovo glomaznije parče ratne tehnike stavio sam u "jeftina rešenja" što zbog zemalja proizvođača koje se ne mogu pohvaliti nekim naučno - ekonomskim komoditetima, što zbog činjenice da ovi raketni sistemi sa razumnom cijenom koštanja, a bome i održavanja, ublažavaju nemoć avijacije u njenoj gotovo mitskoj namjeni da osim što treba da bude sredstvo odbrane predstavlja i sredstvo odvraćanja. Pošto svi znamo da je gomilu aviona i pilota teško (skupo) i održavati, a kamoli da isti, obično tehnološki prevaziđeni modeli bez pravog navođenja predstavljaju neko "sredstvo odvraćanja" obično snažnijem protivniku, ove rakete mogle bi da odmjene malaksalu avijaciju u priči o napadima na neprijateljske aerodrome i ostalo neprijateljsko u neprijateljskoj pozadini i time donekle zakomplikuju život i tom nekom neprijatelju koji bi da samo on bombarduje.
Pri tome, sa nekim versatilnijim, naročito kasetnim punjenjima mogle bi daleko prije i efikasnije od ostalih da pokriju i napadne pravce i time sačuvaju taktičku bombardersku i jurišnu avijaciju za podršku direktno ugroženim sastavima KoVa bez potrebe za trošenjem istih na sporednim pravcima.

Dopuna: 20 Okt 2014 20:42

ZM-87 Portable Laser Disturber



ZM-87 Portable Laser Disturber elektro - optička je kontramjera na bazi neodimijumskog laserskog uređaja kineske proizvodnje. Uređaj je primarno namijenjen zaslijepljavanju ljudi ali su prijavljena i oštećenja na foto - električnim elementima u laserskim daljinomjerima, video kamerama i tragačima raketa. Oko 22 uređaja proizvedena su od strane kompanije NORINCO do 2000 godine prije nego što je proizvodnja prekinuta zbog United Nations Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons zabrane iz 1995.

ZM-87 je poznat kao jedno od nekoliko laserskih oružja ikad proizvedenih. Sumnja se da je oružje korišteno od ruskih, kineskih i sjevernokorejskih oružanih snaga.

Power output: 15 mW, 5 pulses per second, at two wavelengths.
Maximum range (blinding): 2 to 3 kilometres (1.2 to 1.9 mi) (5 km or 3.1 mi if a 7× magnifying optic is used)
Maximum range (temporary blinding): 10 km (6.2 mi)
Weight (without battery): 35 kilograms (77 lb)

Baterija napaja portabl elektro konverter koji preko kablova "hrani" emiter zraka dugačak 84 centimetra (33 in) montiran na tripodu. Ima kolimator i podsjeća na teški mitraljez.

Po nekim podacima radi se o jeftinom uređaju koji se otvoreno nudi zemljama Trećeg svijeta, ima line-of-sight nišane i sposoban je za produkovanja katastrofalnih rezultata protiv avio posada i senzora letjelica. Komercijalno dostupno lasersko oružje ZM 87 prvi put je predstavljeno 1995. Dodatno, Rusi prodaju visokoenergetski laser montiran na kamionu od 2 tone. Slični sistemi komercijalno su dostupni širom svijeta sa cijenom do 100.000 dolara.





Dopuna: 22 Okt 2014 2:40

Sa četrdeset i kusur godina Kfir pretvoren u “Networked Fighter”


Za kolumbijski Kfir C10/12, učesnika vježbe "Red Flag" 2012 godine tvrdilo se da je imao 8 simuliranih vazdušnih pobjeda nad avionima F 15 i F 16

Izraelska vazduhoplovna industrija (IAI) ponudila je modernizovanu verziju Kfir mah 2+ lovca - bombardera, deltaša iz sedamdesetih. Opremljen naprednom avionikom i operativnim sistemima, Izraelci tvrde da se stari mlažnjak može rangirati zajedno sa borbenim mlažnjacima četvrte generacije. Po dostupnim podacima, izraelska kompanija može isporučiti do 50 Kfirova, konfigurisanih na najnoviji ‘Blok 60’ standard, koristeći konstrukcije penzionisane iz izraelskog RV tokom devedesetih. Radi se o unaprijeđenoj verziji Kfira C10 sa glavnom karakteristikom u korištenju AESA radara. Konstrukcije aviona predložene za Kfir Blok 60 konzervirane su i smještene u pustinju Negev i u dobrom su stanju za program rekonstrukcije. Kfirovi Blok 60 ponuđeni su Bugarskoj za potrebe opremanja tamošnjeg RV vesternizovanim kompatiblnim lovcem bombarderom.

Tokom bugarskog interesovanja za kupovinu 10 korištenih aviona, optimalizovanih za potpuno sadejstvo sa borbenim misijama NATO pakta u odnosu na devet portugalskih F 16 Blok 15 po cijeni od 464 mil. dolara, izraelski Kfirovi nuđeni su za trećinu od te cijene, a u odnosu na italijanske Tajfune iz surplusa i više od toga.

The Kfir Block 60 offers a robust and versatile Mach 2+ multi-role jet fighter, carrying 5.5 tons payloads on nine hard-points under the wings and fuselage. The weaponry is enhanced to include Python 5 and Derby. Kfir Block 60 has also completed the integration of RAFAEL Spice autonomous guided weapon, (second platform offering that capability, after the F-16). Conforming to NATO standards, Kfir Block 60 supports Link-16 datalink protocol. The aircraft has combat radius of 1,000 km (540 nm) unrefueled. With refueling the aircraft can fly to a range of 1,100 nm.

Melamed claims Lahav can deliver the first Kfir Block 60 within 12 months after receiving the an order, at roughly a third of the cost of other fighter jets with similar capabilities. This assessment is based on the experience IAI Lahav has gained processing over 2500 aircraft, upgrading earlier Kfir, F-4E, F-16, A-4M, MiG-21, MiG-27, MiG-29 and Su-22. “At times where air forces are seeking cost savings, without degrading operational capabilities, the upgraded Kfir has demonstrated superior performance and reliability in operational use and combat exercises.” Melamed concludes.


Inside the new cockpit of the Kfir C10/12 and Block 60 utilizes multiple large color displays, HUD and helmet mounted sight.


Colombian Air Force Kfir C10 prepared for flight at Nellis AFB, during the July 2012 Red Flag exercise.

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Kfirovi ipak ne mogu da nose rakete duzeg dometa.

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Napisano: 23 Okt 2014 3:03

Koliko ja shvatam materiju, Izraelci sa Kfirom Blok 60 nude mogućnost ugradnje novijeg radara i korištenje Derbi BVR raketa nekog tu i tamo srednjeg dometa. Mada se i cijena tom Kfiru prilično povećava.

Dopuna: 23 Okt 2014 22:12

Improved RPG Designs are Challenge Bar Armor Manufacturers



Since their introduction in operational service in 1961 the Rocket Propelled Grenade Mk 7 (RPG-7) over nine million RPGs have been produced, and hundreds of thousands fired in combat in war zones around the world.

Although RPG-7s proved their battle effectiveness in every conflict since the 1970s, NATO and coalition forces were surprised and ill prepared when they first encountered RPGs in Iraq in 2004. At the time these weapons were used primarily against heavy armored fighting vehicles, while Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) were directed at the less protected or unprotected tactical vehicles.

Realizing the gravity of this evolving threat, coalition forces began to protect their armored vehicles with add-on armor solutions designed to defeat RPGs. Since the PG-7VL High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead penetrates over 500 mm of steel armor with its shaped charge hitting the target, the only affordable solution was to eliminate the threat from hitting its target. Reactive add-on armor was an effective countermeasure applied to the heavier armored vehicles. Less protected vehicles were encapsulated with bar-armor cages.

The bar-armor cage is preventing RPGs from detonating their shaped charge close to the vehicle’s armor, thus penetrating the armor and causing severe internal damage. The cages are assembled from steel or aluminum bars. Bars are spaced in a form that would ‘trap’ the incoming warhead.

The operating mechanism of bar armor is simple and effective. As the RPG flies through the cage the warhead is smashed between two bars, deforming the conductive layers that form the ogive (cone) holding the piezoelectric precursor and covering the explosive charge. As the external liner bends in, it would touch the inner liner, causing a short circuit that disrupts the explosive triggering chain.


This image depicts the classical bar armor RPG-7 defeat mechanism.

The first-generation bar armor made of steel or aluminum were relatively heavy, weighing about 20-30 kg/square meter. Follow-on solutions that included counter-RPG net came in much lighter weight but suffered from the same lower efficiency with the same neutralization mechanism. Although the method provided reasonable protection, it did not provide conclusive results. In fact, it is likely that every second RPGs would ‘slip away’ and defeat the bar armor protection, either with full hollow charge penetration of the shaped charge, or while having a secondary explosion and piercing the platform hull (without forming the plasma jet). Such risk is especially evident on the less protected parts of the armored vehicles. Ceilings are often composed of thin armor and are rarely protected by bar armor cages or nets; the windshield and side windows are also vulnerable to secondary explosions.

Hence, this RPG protection is referred to as ‘statistical protection’, since the efficiency of the armor is not conclusive, but dependent on where and how each RPG will hit. Typical effectiveness of bar armor in defeating various RPG-7 warheads depends on the type of warhead (different manufacturers produce HEAT warhead diameters from 70 to 90mm). Hence, statistical protection ranges from 50 up to 70 percent for first and second generation.

In recent years, new types of bar armor, net protection systems and various hybrid systems were introduced and applied to most of the vehicles deployed in Afghanistan. More recently, French vehicles operating in Mali and elsewhere in Africa are also equipped with counter-RPG protection, with high level of performance, attributed to the latest, most advanced non-bar type solutions.

The reactive armor, first introduced by the Israeli army in the first Lebanon war in 1982 proved highly effective against RPGs and anti-tank missiles, driving the development of tandem warheads. The RPG-7 received such a warhead, designated PG-7VR in 1988. These warheads were first employed against US armor in Iraq in 2004.

Insurgents, becoming aware of the bar armor and its weaknesses, have employed several methods to defeat bar armor, among them rudimentary extensions of the impact sensor (piezoelectric trigger located at the tip of the round). These extensions would cause the fuse to activate before the ogive is smashed by the armor, thus activating the shaped charge ahead of the armor.

While passive RPG armor technology is improving, particularly by reducing weight and improving the theoretical statistical protection, more progress on the side of the RPGs would render the systems relying on the ‘smashing‘ totally ineffective.

In recent years, RPG manufacturers have also introduced enhancements to overcome common bar armor techniques and nets technology. “RPG manufacturers are applying protective layers at the base of the cone, thus avoiding potential short-circuits caused by deformation,” an armor expert told Defense-Update. Challenged by these improved RPGs, armor designers are now seeking to find alternative solutions by employing mechanisms that would guarantee the defeat of the warhead regardless of the type of RPG they are encountering.

According to our sources, since 2012 some RPG manufacturers have added a durable plastic sheet between the two conductive layers forming the ogive. This sheet prevents the two layers from short circuiting in case they are smashed, thus rendering the ogive operational even after it has hit a bar or passed through a net. The damaged RPG will continue flying and will hit the vehicle, initiating the shaped charge on contact. “In fact, as it will hit at an angle, the behind armor effect could be increased, as the spall is distributed at a larger lethal cone, hitting more of the vehicle occupants,” the expert warned. “We are going to see more and more of these in the battlefield.”


The PG-7VR projectile is a Russian-made tandem charge HEAT round developed by the state-owned enterprise Bazalt in 1988, and designed to defeat Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA). A 64mm shaped charge is carried forward of the main shaped charge, separated by an extension boom. This charge is intended to detonate the ERA of the target vehicle, allowing the primary 105mm charge to penetrate the regular armour. It weighs in at approximately 4.5kg, has an operational range of around 200m, and is supposedly capable of penetrating up to 600mm of Rolled Homogenous Armour (RHA) after detonation of ERA by the forward charge. The primary explosive is 1.43kg of OKFOL (окфол), an HMX-based compound.


OG-7V - Fragmentation, 2 kg, diameter 40mm, lethal radius 7 m (23 ft) (vs. body armor) 150m w/o Body Armor. OG-7 (or a Bulgarian copy) anti-personnel projectile. These projectiles are designed to engage enemy personnel, disabling them through a combination of HE and fragmentation effects. The warhead has a point-detonating fuze, is 40mm in diameter (the same diameter as the expelling charge/rocket motor), and has an effective range of 180m, and a nominal maximum range of 900m`. The 2.0kg projectile contains approximately 210g of A-IX-1.






The TBG-7V is a thermobaric projectile developed sometime in the late 1980s. It is designed to disable enemy personnel in urban or mountainous terrain (including entrenched enemy combatants in bunkers, buildings, and the like) through a combination of heat and overpressure, but also has a secondary fragmentation effect. The blunt-nosed warhead is 105mm in diameter, and weighs approximately 4.5kg. It contains 1.9kg of 100MI-3L (100МИ-3Л) thermobaric composition, as well as 0.25kg of A-IX-1, an RDX-based compound. The effective range of the projectile is given as 200m, with a maximum range of 700m. The lethal radius of the projectile is 10m.


The Chinese-manufactured Type 69 HE Airburst (DZGI-40) projectile features a warhead that operates in a similar fashion to ‘bounding’ anti-personnel (APERS) landmines. When the 75mm warhead strikes the ground, it is propelled upwards by a jump mechanism, and detonates at a height of approximately 2 metres. Somewhere in the region of 800 steel balls and fragments of the case are propelled outwards, giving the warhead a lethal radius of 15m. The projectile is 825mm in length, weighs 2.8kg, and has an effective range of up 1,500m. These projectiles are, unsurprisingly, designed to be employed in an anti-personnel role. They are typically outfitted with a Chinese ‘DREOI’ fuze.




Iranian manufactured RPG-7 launcher


Bulgarian soldier with an ATGL-L (Bulgarian copy of the RPG-7) equipped with a red dot reflex sight.




Airtronic USA RPG-7


Airtronic USA Mk.777 lightweight grenade launcher - korištenjem novih materijala masa oružja je snižena do 3,5kg uz zadržavanje svih borbenih karakteristika.

Popularity and wide availability of RPG-7 rounds caused the US-based defense contractor company Airtronic to create its own version of this venerable weapon, which can use all types of RPG-7 compatible rounds. Original Airtronic RPG-7 grenade launcher features solid construction with ordnance steel barrel and some useful extras, such as Picatinny rails that can host variety of sights (iron, red dot, telescopic, IR / Night) and adjustable shoulder stock. The more recent Airtronic Mk.777 antitank grenade launcher is especially interesting as it combines all combat capabilities of the basic RPG-7 weapon with extremely light weight, which is achieved by using steel-lined polymer barrel.

The Airtronic RPG-7 is a shoulder fired, single-shot, smoothbore recoilless launcher. Grenades are loaded from the front, and the rear of the barrel is fitted with venturi nozzle. Because of the recoilless design, there is a dangerous backblast zone, more than 20 meters/60ft long. The antitank grenades are of combination type, using a charge of smokeless powder for RCL-type launch. Once grenade reaches safe distance from the shooter (about 10-20 meters), the built-in rocket booster engine ignites and further accelerates the grenade, greatly enhancing the effective range (up to 500+ meters for single warhead grenades, up to200+ meters for much heavier tandem or FAE grenades). Airtronic USA RPG-7 launcher is fitted with backup iron sights and has several Picatinny rails for easy installation of various optical or IR / Night sights. RPG-7 uses mechanical ignition system with manually cocked external hammer, and a single-action trigger. Because of this, grenade must be properly aligned with the firing mechanism upon loading.





Dopuna: 25 Okt 2014 23:13

Modernizovani oklopni transporter BTR 50PK






Modernizovani BTR 50 na Partneru 2011

U saradnji Jugoimporta, Vojno Tehnickog instituta i namjenske industrije Srbije, za stranog narucioca uspješno je realizovan projekat modernizacije sovjetskog oklopnog transportera BTR-50PK.

Na gabaritnom vozilu iz pedesetih uglavnom su vršena poboljšanja pogonskog dijela i oružnog sistema. Standardni motor zamijenjen je motorno - transmisionom grupom sa BVP M 80A snage 235Kw. Zahvaljujući boljoj transmisiji i jačem motoru povećana je prohodnost za 20%. Maksimalna brzina povećana je na oko 55km/h. Na vozilu su zadržana dva propelera za kretanje po vodi.

Za povećanje vatrene moći iskorištena je kupola M91 namijenjena modernizaciji BVP M80A. Radi se o jednočlanoj kupoli sa sa topom M-86 od 30mm (30x210mm), spregnutim mitraljezom 7,62mm i dvostrukim lanserom PORV raketa. Umjesto mitraljeza kao opcija nudi se ugradnja teškog mitraljeza 12,7mm i automatskog bacača granata 30mm.
Kod PO raketa ponuđene su modernizovane varijante "Maljutki" sa poboljšanom kumulativnom, tandem bojevom i aerosolnom bojnom glavom. Borbeni komplet čine 4 rakete, 2 na vozilu i 2 unutar vozila.
Na kupoli su montirana i 4 bacaca dimnih kutija M-79, kalibra 82mm. Nisanski sistem je preuzet sa BVP M-80A i činili su ga dnevni DNS-1 i nocni nisan PNS-1, ali je na zahtev narucioca ugradjena integrisana nisanska sprava DNNS-30, sa dnevnim i noćnim nišanskim kanalom koji ima pojačivač svijetlosti druge generacije. Nisanska sprava uveličava 5,3X pri gadjanju kopnenih ciljeva, odnosno 1,1x pri dejstvu na vazdušne ciljeve. Vidljivost u noćnim uslovima je do 1100m, sa mogućnošću uveličanja od 7,2X.
Oklopna zastita kupole sastoji se od zavarenih čeličnih ploca debljine 25mm na celu, 13mm na boku i 8mm na zadnjem dijelu kupole. Smatra se da je time obezbijeđena zaštita od kalibra 20mm sa daljina preko 300m i kalibra 7,9mm sa 100m.

Oklopno tijelo samog vozila štiti sa čeone strane od municije 12,7 ispaljene sa većih daljina i od municije do 7.62mm sa boka.

Desantni korpus čini 10 strijelaca i 3 člana posade - vozač, komandir i nišandžija. U odnosu na originalnu koncepciju vozila brojno stanje u desantnom korpusu je prepolovljeno, a posadi je dodat jedan član.

Na Yugomportovom projektu modernizacije BTR 50PK nisu vršeni konstrukcioni zahvati na tijelu vozila tako da je način desantiranja strijelaca i oklopna zaštita na tijelu vozila ostala ista kao na originalu. Borbena masa povećana je na 15,5 tona u odnosu na 14,3 tone kod originala.















Ukrajinska modernizacija BTR 50 iz harkovskog Morozova. Namjena modernizacije je povećanje vatrene moći i prohodnosti vozila. Modernizacioni paket oružnih sistema u ponudi ima dva borbena modula opremljena sa automatskim topom 30mm (ZTM1 ili 2A72), mitraljezom 7,62mm, automatskim bacačem granata i PORVom (Konkurs).

Za zamijenu originalnog motora nudi se četvorotaktni, šestocilindrični dizel motor UTD 20 snage 300ks. Takođe modernizacija obuhvata zamijenu originalne transmisije sa planetarnim menjačem sa volumetričkom hidrauličnom transmisijom.

Modernizacijom se dobija povećanje vatrene moći i borbenih sposobnosti, smanjenje potrošnje goriva i uvećanje vuče u odnosu na masu. Masa vozila povećana je na 16,6 - 16,8 tona, a brzina na 75km/h sa mogućnošću plivanja pri brzinama od 9 - 10km/h.

Ukrajinci paket modernizacije BTR 50 nude u dvije verzije sa osnovnom razlikom u osmatračko - nišanskom bloku na oružnom sistemu.
Verzija 1 obuhvata TKN-5 day/night sight with laser range finder PZU-7 day sight for firing at air and ground targets 9Sh119M1 anti-tank guided missile system sight,
Verzija 2 - OTP-20 optical television system with laser range finder and fire control system PZU-7 day sight for firing at air and ground targets 9Sh119M1 anti-tank guided missile system sight.
Verzija 2 stabilisana je u dvije ravni, Verzija 1 samo u vertikalnoj.

Po zahtjevu naručioca, Ukrajince nude i mogućnost oblaganja vozila kevlarskim tipom zaštite, navigacionim sistemom i klima uređajem.

Posadu čini (oko) 10 ljudi.

Dopuna: 27 Okt 2014 0:10





ENAER modernizacija flote F-5E aviona uz pomoć izraelskog Elbita na standard TIGER III za potrebe čileanskog RV sa strukturalnim promjenama, kokpitom, avionikom, sistemom za dopunu gorivom u vazduhu i ECCM. Finalna varijanta modernizacije uključuje EL/M-2032 radar omogućavajući upotrebu laserski vođenog oružja. Za v-v dejstva avion se oslanja na AIM 9P i Shafir Mk.2 rakete uz odrađeno vajerovanje za Piton 4 rakete.














Brazilski program modernizacije F 5E aviona tokom kojeg je brazilskom RV isporučeno 28 aparata. Modernizacija je transformisala ovaj stara mlažnjak u moderni multirole avion osposobljen za korištenje široke lepeze oružja i opreme.


Kokpit F 5


F 5EM

Employing 4th generation tecnology, the new cockpit gets a easy job to the pilot and it have been designed to work fully operative in both day and night, in all of the wheater conditions, in any kind of operations theaters. The configuration allows total control of the systems by the Sticks (HOTAS). Two computers of high performance e and one integrated navigation system INS/GPS are also included. 3 multi-functions screens e and a HUD type visor (Who projects the informations in the front of the pilot) Gets the F-5EM in the best of what exists in the man-machine interface. All of the visualization and ilumination systems of the F-5EM where projected for the Night-Vision Googles use.



The F-5EM also incorporates system of viewfinder of aiming in the helmet, type DASH, enlace of data, system of planning of mission and capacity for virtual training in flight. The aircraft is qualified with the armament existing standard already in the FAB, as the missiles air-air of short reach MAA-1 Piranha and the Israeli Phyton 3, as well as external bombs and cocoons. Also the systems of armament (conventional and intelligent) used in the huntings of new generation are available, including the capacity to use missiles BRV (Beyond Visual Reach) and guided bombs the laser.


F-5EM - lizard - python-3 -e -maa-1

Features of the new F-5EM:

- Substitution of the analogical counters for colored liquid crystal screens of multiple functions (MFCD - concept glass cockpit).
- technology HOTAS (Hands On Throttle And Stick) where all the main commands are located in the stick and manete of power.
- HUD (Head-Up Display) viewfinder to the level of the eyes so that the pilot can verify all the main ones information of the panel without having to deviate the look for low.
- Total compatibility with the eyeglasses of nocturnal vision NVG (Night Vision Goggles)
- Helmets with system of aiming HMD (Helmet-Mounted Display) type DASH of the Elbit
- RWR (Radar Warning Receiver) of the Elisra, Radar of acknowledgment of the tail for self-defense.
- Digital Radios V/UHF Rohde & Schwartz M3AR (Series 6000), that they can receive/to transmit communications of voice and data with electronic protection, as encriptografia, jump and compression of frequencies, thus allowing the transference of data between aircraft F-5M, the Embraer anticipated R-99 of air-alarm or the land controls.
- Doppler Radar TO WEAVE Grifo-F with diverse ways of air-air operation, air-ground and anti-ship, with great resistance the electronic or mechanical blockades and deceptions. Its reach is of 56 km for contacts in same altitude, 37 km for contacts flying below (Lock down-shoot down) and of 110-148 km stops maritime targets. - Modern navigation systems, including a system inercial/GPS of the Rockwell model H-764G laser e one another GPS of backup.

Origin: Northrop, the USA
Modernization: Embraer (Elbit, Galileo, Honeywell and Elisra)
Type: Supersonic tactical hunting Engines: 2 turbines General Electric J85-GE-21A with 2.268 Kgf of push in post-combustion.
Speeds: - maximum: 1,733 Km/h (Mach 1,63 the 10,975 m)
- stoll: 230 Km/h - ascent: 10.515 m/min Operational ceiling: 15,790 m Rays of combat:
- with maximum load: 313 km (full tank and armaments) - with fuel maximum: 2,338 Km

Weights:
- empty: 4,392 kg
- maximum: 11,192 kg

Dimensions:
- spread: 8,13 m
- length: 14,68 m
- height: 4,06 m
- area of the wing: 17,28 m2

Armament:

- 1 cannon M-39A-2 of 20 mm with 280 shots.
- up to 3.175 kg of armaments in 5 points " duros" , (between missiles air-air/land/sea, rockets and bombs)
- missiles air-air MAA-1 Piranha/Python 3 (or Python 4).
- missiles BVR (Beyond Visual Range), probably the missile of active radar Israeli Derby. - anti-radiations missile MAR-1.
- rockets SBAT-70.
- diverse bombs:
- bombs arsonists BINC-200/300 (Napalm)
- bombs anti-track BAPI
- bombs of low drag BAFG-230/920 (Mk.84)
- bombs grenade launcher BLG-120/204/252 (Rockeye)
- bombs with air brake BFA-230/460 Sensors:
- Doppler Radar TO WEAVE Grifo-F with operation ways air-air, air-ground and to set, with great resistance the blockades e deceptions, electronic or mechanics and capacity to track/to connect targets from top to bottom (look-down) You reach of the Grifo-F: - 56 km for contacts in the same altitude or above - 37 km for contacts flying below (look-down) - 110/148 km for maritime targets.
- System of Alert of Radar for self-defense of the Elisra (RWR - Radar Warning Receiver). - Pod of Tactical Recognition Rafael Reccelite
- Pod of Navigation and Laser designator Rafael Litening 3
- Pod of Electronic Countermeasures Rafael Sky Shield NavCom: - two redundant and parelelos computers of mission.
- digital radios V/UHF Rohde & Schwartz M3AR (Series 6000) with electronic protection of the communications, as jump, criptografia and compression of frequencies.
- it dates-link that it will allow transference of data between aircraft F-5M, the Embraer R-99 of air-alarm anticipated and stations of land control (Cindacta).
- inertial system of navigation INS/GPS of the Rockwell model H-764G the laser and as a GPS of backup.
- IFF, VOR, ILS Marker Beacom/DME.

Other systems:
- eyeglasses of nocturnal vision NVG (Night Vision Goggles)
- HUD (Head-Up Display) viewfinder-of-head-esguida
- viewfinder-mount-knot-helmet with aiming viewfinder HMD (Helmet-Mounted Display) type DASH of the Elbit.
- manetes and stick with technology HOTAS (Hands On Throttle And Stick)
- 3 colorful liquid crystal screens of multiple functions (MFCD concept glass cockpit)
- new systems of target
- new systems of fuel management - probe for flight refuelling
- generating autonomous worker of oxygen on board (OBOGS)
- jettisonable seat zero-zero Martin Baker Mk.10LE
- launching ventral of chaff and flare (decoys of missiles)
- cabin pressurized and with ambient control
- stopped back hook for of emergency Crew: - version F-5EM monoplace - twin-seat version F-5FM





Hardware & Comms: Aerial refueling probe installed, SELEX’s modern Grifo radar, modern radar warning systems and countermeasures dispensers, improved IFF (Identification, Friend or Foe), a datalink for exchanging information with ground systems or Brazil’s R-99 surveillance aircraft. Two modern computer systems run the avionics and combat systems, along with a modern mission planning system and virtual in-flight training systems that can simulate a wide variety of situations.

Pilot Performance: A “glass cockpit” of 3 multifunctional digital color displays, DASH Helmet Mounted Display integration and equipment, a cockpit-mounted Head Up Display, plus HOTAS (Hands on Stick & Throttle) Controls, fuel management systems, redundant GPS navigation, an On-Board Oxygen Generation System (OBOGS), and newer ejection seats.

All displays are compatible with night vision goggles, and the combined effect of the changes turns Brazil’s F-5s from daytime, fair-weather fighters to day/night, all-weather aircraft. As a further benefit, the combination of the Grifo radar and Elbit cockpit and computers gives the upgraded F-5s commonality with Brazil’s “A-29″/ EMB-314 Super Tucano light attack turboprops and “A-1A”/ AMX fighters, which are also the subject of upgrade contracts involving Embraer and Elbit.

Weapons: After the upgrades, F-5 EM/FM fighters can carry a wider range of weapons, including RAFAEL’s Derby beyond visual range air-air missiles, Brazilian Piranha and Israeli and Python short range air-air missiles, and laser-guided bombs. In exchange, they lose 1 of their 2 initial 20mm cannons.

“In 2001, Elbit Systems began work under contracts for the Brazilian F-5 Aircraft Modernization Program. The program calls for the upgrade of 46 F-5 aircraft for the Brazilian Air Force. Our contracts for the program are with Embraer and the Brazilian Government, with a total value of approximately $230 million to be performed over an eight-year period. The contract with Embraer provides for an avionics upgrade, which includes an EW suite, mission computers, helmet mounted system, radar, displays and other avionics products. Delivery of production aircraft began in 2005. In January 2007, Elbit Systems was awarded an additional order to integrate further advanced capabilities in the F-5 aircraft. The contract with the Brazilian Government covers a logistic support program including establishment of an in-country maintenance center based at AEL.”

Dec 30/2000: The Brazilian Senate gives the contract Go-Ahead for the Brazilian Air Force’s $285 million F-5BR Program. Embraer:

“This Program, valued at US$ 285 million, foresees a massive modernization for the BAF’s 50 F-5E/F aircraft, including a totally new avionic suite, navigation/weapons aiming/self-defense system, computer system, multi-mode radar, BAF’s standard armament qualification and structural upgrade. The program was jointly developed by Embraer and Elbit, the Israeli high-tech company specialized in developing avionics systems for the defense market… The F-5BR avionics/navigation/weapons aiming/self-defense solution is based on a full commonality with the ALX and AMX-T Programs (also for the Brazilian Air Force)… All F-5E/F aircraft will be upgraded to ensure the F-5BR’s required operational life of over 15 years.”

Dopuna: 12 Nov 2014 15:27

Basler Turbo Conversions - BT 67

The Basler BT-67 is a fixed-wing aircraft produced by Basler Turbo Conversions of Oshkosh, Wisconsin. It is built on a retrofitted Douglas DC-3 airframe, with modifications designed to improve the DC-3's serviceable lifetime. The conversion includes fitting the airframe with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-67R turboprop engines, lengthening the fuselage, strengthening the airframe, upgrading the avionics, and making modifications to the wings' leading edge and wing tip.

The BT-67 is a world-class transport aircraft with an impressive resume of performance. It's robust airframe and state-of-the-art components stand ready to deliver a range of special mission capabilities that will provide unlimited opportunities.



It is an affordable aircraft with:

Low acquisition costs
Low operation costs
Heavy payload capability
Excellent short field capability
Stage III quiet
Certified for known ice
Impressive avionics package
Conversion options

Airframe:

Inspected and overhauled to fully re-engineer and strengthen airframe. Returns airframe to original specification, or exceeds original specification. Includes a structural reinforcement package. Rated as "zero accumulated fatigue damage".
Fuselage stretched 40-inches (forward of wing).
Cockpit bulkhead moved forward 60-inches to increase payload cabin volume and aerodynamic performance.
Redesigned outer wing leading edge and wing tip.


Payload and Performance:

35% more interior volume
43% more useful load
24% more speed
Up to 100% more fuel capacity
Lower stall speed
Lower approach speed
Fuel mileage equal at equal speeds
All metal control surfaces (optional)
Center and outer wings reinforced in 250 places to reduce loads on lower wing attach angles and to support the increased maximum gross weight.



Powerplant:
Effective proven and powerful Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-67R certified to FAR Part 33 amendment 10 with Hartzell 5-blade aluminum reversing propeller. Reliable, clean, efficient, and quiet ... certified to FAR Part 36 stage III



Avionics:
Full IFR
Multi-function display
GPS (single or dual)
Weather radar
HF
Avionics configurations



NEW Systems:
Power plant
De-ice
Hydraulics
Avionics
Autopilot
Air conditioning
Fuel
Stall Warning
Electrical
Oxygen
Fire protection




Documented 12,000 Hour Overhaul:
Douglas Supplemental Inspection (SID)
FAA Airworthiness Directives incorporated
Service bulletin compliance
New skin and ribs as required -
- Corrosion repair
- Damage repair
- Aesthetics
New interior corrosion protection
New or overhauled:
- Main landing gear
- Tail gear assembly
- Landing gear retract and compensating cylinders
- Tail wheel shock strut
- Hydraulic accumulator
- Wing flap actuating cylinder



Interior Dimensions:
Width (At Floor): 7 feet
Height: 6 feet, 6 inches
Length: 42 feet, 2 inches
Volume:
1225 Cubic Feet
















The bubble below the nose of this BT-67 gunship is the forward looking infrared camera. All BT-67s have over-wing exhausts to minimize their infrared signatures.

“We have customers telling us, ‘This is a good platform for survey work, for maritime patrol activities and even tactical maritime patrol,’” Weigt said. “We’re seeing expanded interest in those applications. I think that’s because we live in a very troubled world. The official U.S. product for those operations is the AC-130 Hercules, which is a high-dollar product. We’re the ‘low-price spread,’ but we can still get the job done.”

The airplane has proven itself to be such an excellent platform for surveillance and tactical interdiction activities, Basler is concentrating on new military applications, such as search radar and advanced communications and intelligence equipment.

“The BT-67 can loiter over an area for ten hours, monitoring and downloading information,” said Weigt. “It’s low cost, and it keeps human intervention in the mix. We’re a low-altitude application, at around 5,000 to 15,000 feet, where our infrareds are most effective. We do, however, have the capability to fly at 25,000 feet.”

The basic BT-67 aircraft costs $4.5 million, and an aircraft equipped with maximum capability would run $13-plus million. Such an aircraft is classified, but it would probably contain search radar, infrared, intelligence of some level, listening devices, secure communications, night vision compatibility, an on-board oxygen generation system and probably a gun capability.

One area where change has made a significant difference is in the gunship (nicknamed Fantasma). The gunship can climb to 15,000 feet, and isn’t pressurized.

“With the old oxygen bottle system, we had four bottles,” Weigt said. “If someone was shooting at you and hit one of the bottles, you became a flying bomb. To give the crew some protection, we had to add armor protection around the bottles. Then you had 600 pounds of weight added to the airplane, and the oxygen was still dangerous. The new OBOG is very low in pressure, around 40 psi, compared to the 1,800 psi in the bottles.”

“All of the panel lights had to be modified, so they wouldn’t interfere with night vision goggles,” he said. “Every switch has its own light source. With just one switch, everything goes from day to night or from normal to night. Everything is filtered. Even at night, you’ll see color on the weather radar.






This line drawing of the BT-67 shows the external changes made to the old DC-3. Metal control surfaces replaced the old fabric surfaces, greatly reducing maintenance.

The BT-67 is certified to colder temperatures, below -50C, for Antarctic customers.

“That, combined with a new battery system exclusive to Basler, is important for our customers,” said Weigt. “It’s a non-hazmat battery that’s virtually maintenance free. We tried the recombination technology batteries, and found them to be 80 percent stronger, lighter and more durable. They cost less, and don’t require special procedures for hazardous shipping. More importantly, they suffer far less power depletion in extreme cold than we found with lead acid batteries. The polar applications are an important market for us. Things like that keep the business refreshed and our customers coming along.

Dopuna: 04 Dec 2014 1:38




Ručni top vjerovatno izveden iz ZU 23 - 2 23mm sirijskih drekavaca.

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Napisano: 04 Dec 2014 13:24

Naletih na ovo
http://dnevnik.hr/vijesti/svijet/foto-i-video-dzih.....63428.html

Dopuna: 04 Dec 2014 13:26

Evo snimak ali mislim da nije taj
http://youtu.be/c5grZXNCDKE

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MB120mm ::
Bilo je jos ideja,Plamen na brodu!

Nisam neki strucnjak za mornaricko naouraznje al me zanima kako su se pokazali ovi visecevni bacaci na plovilima. po mom laickom misljenju mislim da isaljivanje vise raketa je samim tim pokrivanje vece povrsine povecava sansu za pogodak neprijateljskog plovila, pogotovo sada kad se koriste "nevidljivi" brodovi pa ih je tesko uociti, kad ih uocis ispalis vise raketa i pokrijes vecu povrsinu?
isto tako mislim da bi manja plovila naoruzana visecevnim bacacima pruzala podrsku prilikom desanta na plazama

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comi991 ::MB120mm ::
Bilo je jos ideja,Plamen na brodu!

Nisam neki strucnjak za mornaricko naouraznje al me zanima kako su se pokazali ovi visecevni bacaci na plovilima. po mom laickom misljenju mislim da isaljivanje vise raketa je samim tim pokrivanje vece povrsine povecava sansu za pogodak neprijateljskog plovila, pogotovo sada kad se koriste "nevidljivi" brodovi pa ih je tesko uociti, kad ih uocis ispalis vise raketa i pokrijes vecu povrsinu?
isto tako mislim da bi manja plovila naoruzana visecevnim bacacima pruzala podrsku prilikom desanta na plazama
Nisam ni ja strucnjak,ali smatram da topovi 20mm,nisu dovoljni.Plamen M63,bi trebalo vratiti u naoruzanje brodova,jer objasnjenje koje sam jednom cuo da nisu predvidjeni za podrsku pesadije sa brodova*smatram nedovoljnim.Isto tako trebalo bi Postaviti po jedan MB120mmM52UB,koji ima protiv trzajuci uredjaj sa strane.Tako bi malobrojna flota recne flotile/uz BPL,koje ce valjda stici jednog dana/imale sasvim adekvatan i odbrambeni i ofanzivni potencijal,!/Ovde bi trebalo razmotriti i siri spektar upaljaca od udarnih do blizinskih/

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Isti lanser moze ici i na ovo vozilo,i postavljam pitanje zasto za stranog kupca,kad tih oklopnjaka nema mnogo,a 14-ti ne samo da ih moze modernizovati vec i ugraditi plamen,bez problema.Snovim motorom,podneo bi bez problema.Ne znam za amfibijska svojstva...

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  • Gde živiš: Gorod-geroй Moskva

Zasto bi kacio Plamen na BTR50 ako se trenutno tezi partizanskoj taktici: udri i bezi.
Kamion, cerada, kontejneri...

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comi991 ::MB120mm ::
Bilo je jos ideja,Plamen na brodu!

Nisam neki strucnjak za mornaricko naouraznje al me zanima kako su se pokazali ovi visecevni bacaci na plovilima. po mom laickom misljenju mislim da isaljivanje vise raketa je samim tim pokrivanje vece povrsine povecava sansu za pogodak neprijateljskog plovila, pogotovo sada kad se koriste "nevidljivi" brodovi pa ih je tesko uociti, kad ih uocis ispalis vise raketa i pokrijes vecu povrsinu?
isto tako mislim da bi manja plovila naoruzana visecevnim bacacima pruzala podrsku prilikom desanta na plazama

kad sam postavio ovo pitanje nisam mislio konkretno samo za nase potrebe vec uopsteno na kompletnu mornaricu (cak i na morske brodove)?

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